Evaluating the HIV continuum of care and treatment in a low prevalence city in Iran: Kerman HIV-Friendly City initiative

ALI MIRZAZADEH (1) , SAMIRA HOSSEINI HOOSHYAR (2) , EBRAHIM RANJBAR (3) , HAMID SHARIFI (4) , MEHDI SHAFIEI (5) , KATAYOUN TAYERI (6) , ALIAKBAR HAGHDOOST (7) , GEORGE W. RUTHERFORD (8) , ALI MIRZAZADEH (9)
(1) , United States
(2) HIV/STI Surveillance Research Center, and WHO Collaborating Center for HIV Surveillance, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran , Iran, Islamic Republic of
(3) Kerman Counseling Center for Behavioral Disorders, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran , Iran, Islamic Republic of
(4) HIV/STI Surveillance Research Center, and WHO Collaborating Center for HIV Surveillance, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran , Iran, Islamic Republic of
(5) Kerman Deputy of Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran , Iran, Islamic Republic of
(6) Iranian Research Center of HIV&AIDS, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , Iran, Islamic Republic of
(7) HIV/STI Surveillance Research Center, and WHO Collaborating Center for HIV Surveillance, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran , Iran, Islamic Republic of
(8) Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Institute for Global Health Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA , United States
(9) HIV/STI Surveillance Research Center, and WHO Collaborating Center for HIV Surveillance, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran , Iran, Islamic Republic of

Abstract

BACKGROUND


The Kerman HIV-Friendly City (KHFC) is a five-year multi-disciplinary population-level intervention designed to meet the UNAIDS 90-90-90 targets by 2020. This study was a baseline assessment of the KHFC and analyzed the cascade of HIV testing, treatment and retention.


METHODS


We reviewed reported HIV cases in Kerman city from 1997 to 2016. We calculated the numbers of cases with an HIV diagnosis, enrolled in HIV care within six months, initiated on antiretroviral treatment (ART), retained on ART at 12 months, and with suppressed viral load after 12 months on ART. We estimated the number of people living with HIV (PLWH) using point and uncertainty intervals (UI) for national PLWH estimates.


RESULTS


We estimated 1113 (UI 762-1982) PLWH in Kerman, of whom 437 (39.3%, UI 22.0 -57.3%) had been diagnosed, 347 (31.2%, UI 17.5-45.5%) had enrolled in care, 190 (17.1%, UI 9.6-24.9%) had initiated ART, 112 (10.1%, UI 5.7-14.7%) remained on ART, and 81 (7.3%, UI 4.1-10.6%) were virally suppressed. People who inject drugs (PWID) had the lowest indicators compared to other groups. In 2016, 23 people (43.5% male, 87.0% _25 years old, 17.4% PWID, and 26.1% heterosexuals) were diagnosed with HIV. Of these, 22 enrolled in care, 19 initiated ART, 18 remained on ART and seven were virally suppressed.


CONCLUSION


HIV diagnosis is the biggest gap in the HIV continuum of care and treatment in Kerman. Recent improvements in HIV care and treatment need to be intensified to achieve 90-90-90 targets.

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Authors

ALI MIRZAZADEH
ali.mirzazadeh@ucsf.edu (Primary Contact)
SAMIRA HOSSEINI HOOSHYAR
EBRAHIM RANJBAR
HAMID SHARIFI
MEHDI SHAFIEI
KATAYOUN TAYERI
ALIAKBAR HAGHDOOST
GEORGE W. RUTHERFORD
ALI MIRZAZADEH
MIRZAZADEH, A. ., HOSSEINI HOOSHYAR, S., RANJBAR, E., SHARIFI, H., SHAFIEI, M., TAYERI, K., HAGHDOOST, A., RUTHERFORD, G. W., & MIRZAZADEH, A. (2018). Evaluating the HIV continuum of care and treatment in a low prevalence city in Iran:: Kerman HIV-Friendly City initiative. Eajahme, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.58498/eajahme.v1i1.10
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